Vitamin D (also called the sunshine vitamin) deficiency can occur if you do everything to avoid the sun, if you don’t imbibe enough milk, or are a strict vegetarian. This vitamin is made by the body as a response to the rays of the sun but it also can be found naturally in some foodstuffs.
This nutrient helps to regulate the levels of the minerals of calcium and phosphate, in the aim of promoting strong and healthy bones and it is a key vitamin due to the fact that it aids the body in using calcium from the regular diet. In previous times, a lack of this vitamin has always been linked with rickets, which is a disease where the tissues of the bones are softened and do not mineralize properly, which in turn leads to a deformity of the skeleton. However, this is a disease that has practically speaking been almost obliterated. Also, rickets was usually found only in children, while osteomalacia entails the weakening of bones in adults who have a severe deficiency of vitamin D.
Which Are The Likely Sources Of This Vitamin?
The sunshine vitamin can be found in various foodstuffs, although, as it has already been ascertained, the main source of D vitamin in the diet are foods which have been fortified to incorporate the vitamin (such as for instance, dairy products like milk and others). Vitamin D is can be found naturally in substantial quantities in foods such as fatty fish, eggs, fatty fish, and cod-liver oil.
What Are Some Health Risks And Symptoms Of Vitamin D Deficiency?
It is without a fact that a lack of this vitamin leads to general muscle weakness and bone pain. Symptoms of bone discomfort and muscle frailty might mean there is a deficiency of this vitamin. However, even without symptoms, insufficient vitamin D can mean a health risk, connected with asthma in children, an enhanced risk of heart disease and cognitive impairment in the elderly.
How Can A Lack Of Vitamin D Occur?
- A limited exposure to the rays of the sun. As it is the body which makes vitamin D during the exposing of the skin to sunlight, if someone doesn’t leave their home for whatever reason, if they live in northern locations which have little sun, or if, on the other hand, they wear head coverings for reasons of faith, they may risk a lack of the sunlight vitamin.
- If the vitamin is not consumed at the suggested levels. This may occur if someone is a vegetarian, as the natural sources have an animal base, including egg yolks, fish and fish oils, and beef liver and cheese.
- The digestive tract us unable to effectively absorb D vitamin. There are specific medical conditions, such as celiac disease, Crohn’s disease, and cystic fibrosis, which can impact the ability of the intestines to take up vitamin D from the ingested consumed.
- Dark skin. Melanin is a pigment which hinders the skin’s ability to produce vitamin D as a reaction of sunlight exposure.
- Obesity. Those people who have a BMI of 30 or more frequently have depleted vitamin D blood levels.
What Is The Treatment For This Deficiency?
The treatment entails obtaining more of the vitamin, through the diet or supplements, and by being exposed to the sun. Even though there is no agreement on the optimal vitamin D levels needed for good health, less than 20 nanograms/milliliter is usually considered to be insufficient and requires treatment.
The recommended dosage is 600 international units for all those from 1 to 70 years of age, and 800 for those older than 70.